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Synonyms for tournament Synonyms bout , competition , contest , event , game , match , matchup , meet , sweepstakes also sweep-stake , tourney Visit the Thesaurus for More.
Examples of tournament in a Sentence She's an excellent tennis player who has won many tournaments. Recent Examples on the Web Taking his first varsity snap last month in a 7-on-7 tournament , quarterback prospect Ethan Hampton made a strong opening statement for Aurora Christian.
Aurora Christian coaches grooming sophomore Ethan Hampton to power passing attack," 14 July The team will face France in the tournament final in Moscow on Sunday, provoking mixed reactions and strong emotions in the region scarred by war.
Carnival, softball tournament , tractor pull, 6 p. July ," 12 July Victories have been rare for the Boars, who are usually defeated in regional tournaments , where their squad of onetime discards take on teams for whom soccer is part of the school curriculum.
First Known Use of tournament 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2a. History and Etymology for tournament Middle English tornement , from Anglo-French turneiement , from turneier.
Learn More about tournament. Resources for tournament Time Traveler! Explore the year a word first appeared. Dictionary Entries near tournament tourmalinize tourn Tournai tournament tournasin tournedos tournee.
Time Traveler for tournament The first known use of tournament was in the 13th century See more words from the same century. More Definitions for tournament.
English Language Learners Definition of tournament. Kids Definition of tournament. More from Merriam-Webster on tournament See words that rhyme with tournament Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for tournament Spanish Central: Translation of tournament Nglish: Translation of tournament for Spanish Speakers Britannica English: Translation of tournament for Arabic Speakers Britannica.
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As rounds progress, the number of competitors and fixtures decreases. The final round, usually known as the final or cup final, consists of just one fixture; the winner of which is the overall champion.
In a single-elimination tournament , only the top-ranked competitors in a fixture progress; in 2-competitor games, only the winner progresses.
All other competitors are eliminated. This ensures a winner is decided with the minimum number of fixtures. However, most competitors will be eliminated after relatively few matches; a single bad or unlucky performance can nullify many preceding excellent ones.
A double-elimination tournament may be used in 2-competitor games to allow each competitor a single loss without being eliminated from the tournament.
All losers from the main bracket enter a losers' bracket, the winner of which plays off against the main bracket's winner. A triple elimination tournament allows a competitor to lose two games, and creates a third bracket or fourth bracket, and are usually followed by a playoff.
It is usually used in curling tournaments. Some elimination tournaments are in a best-of- x series , allowing a competitor to lose at most four times to the same competitor before being eliminated.
Some formats use a repechage , allowing losers to play extra rounds before re-entering the main competition in a later round.
Rowing regattas often have repechage rounds for the "fastest losers" from the heats. The winners of these progress, but are at a disadvantage in later rounds owing to the extra effort expended during the repechage.
A family of tournament systems that grew from a system devised for the Victorian Football League, the historic predecessor to the Australian Football League AFL , allow the teams with the best record before the playoffs to lose a game without being eliminated, whereas lesser qualifiers are not.
The A-League of association football also used such a system through its —12 season, but now uses a pure knockout playoff.
Similar systems are used in cricket's Indian Premier League and most curling tournaments, and were also used by the Super League of European rugby league before being scrapped after the season.
In athletics meetings, fastest losers may progress in a running event held over several rounds; e. Four American sports organizations either currently use this format, or have in the past:.
A group tournament, league , division or conference involves all competitors playing a number of fixtures again, a fixture is one name for a tournament-match that determines who, out of two or three or more, will advance; a fixture may consist of one or more game-matches between competitors.
Points are awarded for each fixture, with competitors ranked based either on total number of points or average points per fixture.
Usually each competitor plays an equal number of fixtures, in which case rankings by total points and by average points are equivalent.
The English County Championship in cricket did not require an equal number of matches prior to In a round-robin tournament , each competitor plays all the others an equal number of times, once in a single round-robin tournament and twice in a double round-robin tournament.
This is often seen as producing the most reliable rankings. However, for large numbers of competitors it may require an unfeasibly large number of rounds.
A Swiss system tournament attempts to determine a winner reliably, based on a smaller number of fixtures. Fixtures are scheduled one round at a time; a competitor will play another who has a similar record in previous rounds of the tournament.
This allows the top and bottom competitors to be determined with fewer rounds than a round-robin, though the middle rankings are unreliable. There may be other considerations besides reliability of rankings.
In some professional team sports, weaker teams are given an easier slate of fixtures as a form of handicapping.
Sometimes schedules are weighted in favour of local derbies or other traditional rivalries. For example, NFL teams play two games against each of the other three teams in their division, one game against half of the other twelve teams in their conference, and one game against a quarter of the sixteen teams in the other conference.
American sports are also unusual in providing fixtures between competitors who are, for ranking purposes, in different groups.
Another, systematic, example of this was the Women's Rugby World Cup: Groups C and D intertwined similarly. An elaboration of this system is the Mitchell movement in duplicate bridge, discussed below , where North-South pairs play East-West pairs.
In 2-competitor games where ties are rare or impossible, competitors are typically ranked by number of wins, with ties counting half; each competitors' listings are usually ordered Wins—Losses —Ties.
Where ties are more common, this may be 2 points for a win and 1 for a tie, which is mathematically equivalent but avoids having too many half-points in the listings.
These are usually ordered Wins—Ties—Losses. If there are more than two competitors per fixture, points may be ordinal for example, 3 for first, 2 for second, 1 for third.
Many tournaments are held in multiple stages, with the top teams in one stage progressing to the next. American professional team sports have a "regular season" group tournament acting as qualification for the "post season" or " playoffs " single-elimination tournament.
A group stage also known as pool play or the pool stage is a round-robin stage in a multi-stage tournament.
The competitors are divided into multiple groups, which play separate round-robins in parallel. Measured by a points-based ranking system , the top competitors in each group qualify for the next stage.
In most editions of the FIFA World Cup finals tournament, the first round has been a group stage with groups of four teams, the top two qualifying for the "knockout stage" played as a single-elimination tournament.
This format is common in many international team events, such as World Cups or Olympic tournaments. As well as a fixed number of qualifiers from each group, some may be determined by comparing between different groups: Sometimes, results from an earlier phase are carried over into a later phase.
In the Cricket World Cup , the second stage, known as the Super Eight since and before that the Super Six, features two teams from each of four preliminary groups previously three teams from two preliminary groups , who do not replay the teams they have already played, but instead reuse the original results in the new league table.
Formerly in the Swiss Football League , teams played a double round-robin, at which point they were split into a top "championship" group and a bottom "relegation" group; each played a separate double round-robin, with results of all 32 matches counting for ranking each group.
A similar system is also used by the Scottish Premiership and its historic predecessor, the Scottish Premier League , since After 33 games, when every club has played every other club three times, the division is split into two halves.
Clubs play a further 5 matches, against the teams in their half of the division. This can and often does result in the team placed 7th having a higher points total than the team placed 6th because their final 5 games are considerably easier , nevertheless, a team in the bottom half never receives a higher final ranking than a team which qualified for the top half.
A multi-stage pool system was implemented by Curling Canada for the Canadian championship curling tournaments the Scotties Tournament of Hearts for women and the Tim Hortons Brier for men starting in The change was intended to allow the expansion of the main stage of the tournament from twelve to sixteen teams while keeping the round robin at eleven games.
The teams are seeded using a ranking system in which points are calculated based on the teams' results in all competitive bonspiels using a complicated formula.
Seeds 1, 4, 5, 8, 9, 12, 13 and 16 and placed in Pool A while seeds 2, 3, 6, 7, 10, 11, 14 and 15 are placed in Pool B. After each team has played seven games, the top four teams from each pool advance to the "Championship Pool.
In contrast, teams that fail to qualify for the Championship Pool play only one additional "Placement Round" game against the team that finished in the same position in the opposite pool for the purposes of determining final tournament ranking.
For these teams, there is little else to play for since there is no form of relegation and, with the expansion of the field to sixteen teams, no "Pre-Qualifying Tournament" and seeding is based solely on the performances of the participating teams and not the past results of the provinces and territories they represent.
The top Slovenian basketball league has a unique system. In its first phase, 12 of the league's 13 clubs compete in a full home-and-away season, with the country's representative in the Euroleague an elite pan-European club competition exempt.
The league then splits.